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克林顿性丑闻 白宫档案曝光 (E/C)关闭
Oct 11, 2014 浏览次数: [333] 评论: [0]
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  美国克林顿总统图书馆上周五(10日)公开新一批白宫档案,当中以有关白宫如何扭尽六壬应对前总统克林顿与白宫见习生莱温斯基性丑闻的部分最受注目。档案揭示白宫高层在1996年开始察觉莱温斯基与克林顿有不寻常关系,急将她从白宫调往国防部,当丑闻曝光后,白宫官员又忙于应对,并教路白宫发言人如何带传媒「游花园」。

  新一批档案共约1万页,当中约200页电邮和备忘录内容与莱温斯基(Monica Lewinsky)有关。档案显示,莱温斯基在1996年3月发出正式请求,将克林顿签署《电信法案》的照片悬挂在她办公室。总统办公室当时开始关注莱温斯基与克林顿的暧昧,白宫西翼工作人员开始称莱温斯基为「暗恋者」,因为她比任何实习生逗留在总统办公室的时间都长。

  万页密件 称莱女「暗恋者」

  白宫相关官员因此事频密交换电邮,商量如何尽快安排莱温斯基由白宫西翼调职往国防部。时任白宫副人事主管托马森(Patsy Thomasson)在1996年4月9日发电邮予两名下属,当时莱温斯基刚在数日前被调离总统办公室的职位,「我们正与国防部紧密合作,以令此事在莫妮卡(莱温斯基)身上实现。我们未达成最终协议,但正致力达到目标……我们旨在确保她在国防部有一份职位」。

  后来莱温斯基被调职到国防部,担当五角大楼发言人助理,一直做到1997年12月。这次调职却令性丑闻曝光。将莱温斯基送到国防部的确令她远离克林顿,却令她与国防部职员特里普(Linda Tripp)接近。特里普在莱温斯基到来后与之结成朋友,却在听到她谈及丑闻后秘密录音,并将之交给正在调查克林顿另一丑闻「白水门」的独立检察官斯塔尔(Kenneth Starr),最终掀起轩然大波。

  调职被同事出卖 恋情曝光

  美国右翼八卦网站Drudge Report于1998年初率先爆料,指《新闻周刊》压下了一宗白宫见习生与克林顿的桃色丑闻报道,惹其他大报跟进,最终由《华盛顿邮报》率先揭盅。特里普的录音曝光,迫使克林顿声称「我与那女人(莱温斯基)没有性关系」,成为当年经典金句。翌年克林顿因被指作假证面对国会弹劾,共和党控制的众议院通过议案,但未能在参议院过关。

  白宫助理互传攻击传媒电邮

  在丑闻发酵期间,白宫收到民主党人、学者和评论员等的建议和批评,档案显示当中一篇由一名纽约州的爱尔兰裔工运领袖撰写、题为「攻击传媒责任」的信函,在白宫助理之间广泛流传。电邮上形容传媒面对巨大的群众压力,「人们会说『那该死的传媒』」,建议政府把握政治机会反扑传媒,白宫若顾忌自行向传媒开火,也可去找适合的组织负责。

  官员又教时任白宫发言人洛克哈特(Joe Lockhart)回应克林顿会否看到莱温斯基接受电视节目主持人芭芭拉华特丝的访问。该名白宫助理称原本主张说克林顿没计划届时看电视,但遭否决,智囊建议「或许乔(洛克哈特)被问到时,可否说他通常在那时间看《星空奇遇记:重返地球》?」

①How the White House tried to handle Monica Lewinsky
原文链接:http://www.politico.com/story/2014/10/clinton-white-house-monica-lewinsky-111794.html

The Clinton White House tried just about everything to pull itself through the Monica Lewinsky scandal.

A trove of documents released Friday by the Clinton Presidential Library sheds light on the White House’s internal machinations as it coped with the scandal — from efforts to discredit rivals and attack the media to attempts to boost West Wing spirits by sharing supportive op-eds or the unfavorable poll numbers for special prosecutor Kenneth Starr.

The emails follow the arc of the scandal as it grew from a media frenzy to a constitutional crisis and then began to subside as President Bill Clinton regained political support after the release of Starr’s explicit report.

(Also on POLITICO: Clinton, Powell talked gays in military)

The earliest documents illustrate some of the mundane aspects of Lewinsky’s job.

She was copied on an email in February 1996 about how White House staff should have received a subpoena from the counsel’s office for files related to the travel office. A month later, Lewinsky put in an official request to hang a picture in the legislative affairs office of Clinton signing a telecom bill.

By April 1996, as the West Wing grew concerned about Lewinsky’s relationship with Clinton, aides exchanged emails about placing her at the Pentagon.

(Also on POLITICO: Clinton Library releases last files)

“We are working closely with DOD to make this happen for Monica,” Patsy Thomasson, the White House deputy director of personnel, wrote on April 9, 1996, several days after Lewinsky had been removed from her West Wing job. “We have not finalized the deal but are working toward that end. … Our direction is to make sure she has a job in an Agency.”

In the days after the Drudge Report first wrote that Newsweek was working on a bombshell story, Lanny Davis, then special counsel to Clinton, received a stream of urgent phone messages from Washington’s top reporters.

Susan Schmidt, a Washington Post reporter who was among the first to report the news, tried to reach Davis on Jan. 20, 1998, the day before her story ran: “Call me — jeez?!”

(Also on POLITICO: Olbermann apologized to Clinton for Lewinsky coverage)

Others who showed up on a call log include CNN’s John King; Peter Baker, who shared a byline on the first Washington Post story; Tom Squitieri, then with USA Today; and Warren Strobel, then of the Washington Times.

“Wants to talk to you NOT about the facts of Lewinsky matter but about the political impact/importance,” according to the log of Strobel’s message for Davis.

As the scandal unfolded, senior adviser Sidney Blumenthal shopped around negative stories about Clinton’s critics, including book agent Lucianne Goldberg and conservative pundit Bill Kristol. Blumenthal also spent quite a bit energy trying to push back at Christopher Hitchens, the late Vanity Fair writer, who had claimed that Blumenthal had spread defamatory stories about Lewinsky.

On the day Starr released his report in September 1998, the White House distributed talking points on the president’s defense that opened with this: “We are all hopeful that this morning’s remarks will begin an important healing process for all of us — thank you for your kind thoughts.”

Throughout the scandal, the White House fielded advice and criticism from Democrats, professors, columnists and disgruntled constituents.

Aides circulated thoughts from Joe Jamison, described as an Irish American labor leader from Queens, N.Y., in an email with the subject line: “Attack media responsibility.”

“There is considerable popular anger at media. People say ‘the damn media,’” Jamison wrote in an email forwarded to Clinton aide Minyon Moore. “OJ and Lady Di media weariness syndrome has set in. A political opportunity for the Administration exists, I think. Attacking the media would, probably, be a bad idea from the White House, but, surely, an appropriate group to attack media irresponsibility can be found?”

In January 1999, aides sent around thoughts from Susannah Heschel, a religion professor at Dartmouth College, who argued that Judaism views Clinton’s conduct differently than other religions. The subject line: “For what it is worth …”

“According to classical Jewish law, President Clinton did not commit adultery; adultery is defined as a married man having intercourse with a married woman, and Monica Lewinsky is single,” Heschel wrote. “At worst, President Clinton is guilty of the common sin of onanism, a sin that probably afflicts the consciences of most Jewish men at one time or another.”

Aides weighed how press secretary Joe Lockhart should respond to a question about whether the president would watch Lewinsky’s interview with ABC’s Barbara Walters.

“I had a line about him not planning on watching TV next Wednesday, but one of the lawyers took it out,” an aide wrote in February 1999. “Perhaps Joe, if asked, can say he usually watches ‘Star Trek: Voyager’ at that hour.”

At one point, White House officials considered cutting off talk radio host Tom Joyner for an off-color conversation on his show. While discussing Lewinsky’s job prospects, Joyner had said: “You know what her qualifications are, she obviously has some skills she learned at the White House.”

An aide emailed a transcript of the exchange to others in the West Wing with the opener: “I wanted you to see this. This is a transcript from ‘Talk Daily.’ Please keep this in mind the next time he asks for an interview.”

Robert B. Johnson, a domestic policy aide, dismissed the suggestion.

“I find some things said on his show distasteful too,” Johnson said. “BUT, to be on our side when it counts. I would not be too hasty to pull the plug. He needs to be kept engaged for our message and for GORE. Politics baby!!!!!”

Correction: A previous version of this article referred to Dartmouth University.

①White House officials hurriedly tried to transfer infamous intern Monica Lewinksy to the Pentagon, documents show 
Staffers feared Lewinsky was getting too chummy President Bill Clinton, but the job switch ultimately led to commander-in-chief's impeachment. Nearly 10,000 pages of Clinton administration records involving Lewinsky, Whitewater probe and death of Vincent Foster were made public Friday

原文链接:http://www.nydailynews.com/news/politics/staffers-quickly-boot-monica-lewinsky-pentagon-records-show-article-1.1970404

 WASHINGTON — Anxious that President Bill Clinton was spending too much time with Monica Lewinsky, White House officials hurriedly tried to get the intern placed in a job at the Pentagon, according to documents released Friday.

The officials’ success unwittingly led to disclosure of the affair and Clinton’s impeachment by the House of Representatives.

Details of how Clinton aides wrestled with the best-known political sex scandal in U.S. history emerged as the National Archives released 10,000 pages of documents from the Clinton White House.

“Our job is to make sure she has a job in an agency,” deputy personnel director Patsy Thomasson, a Clinton confidante, wrote two other White House personnel officials on April 9, 1996.

“We are working closely with DoD to make this happen for Monica. We have not finalized a deal but are working toward that end,” she added, referring to the Department of Defense.

Dispatching Lewinsky to the Pentagon press office put her far from the President but close to Linda Tripp. Tripp was an office employee who befriended Lewinsky and secretly taped phone conversations with her about the affair.

She gave those tapes to Independent Counsel Kenneth Starr, who was investigating the so-called Whitewater land deals involving Clinton in Arkansas. It set into motion the impeachment of Clinton by the House but acquittal by the Senate in February, 1999.

 The documents released Friday show parts of the White House scramble to address the furor over Clinton’s dalliance with Lewinsky.

They included talking points that summarized Bill Clinton’s suggested rebuttal in anticipation of a report by Starr.

“The President has acknowledged a serious mistake … an inappropriate relationship with Monica Lewinsky” aides wrote in Sep. 11, 1998, memo.

“This private mistake does not amount to an impeachable action.”

Ahead of Lewinsky’s sit-down with ABC’s Barbara Walters, White House aide Jim Kennedy asked in a memo if Press Secretary Joe Lockhart should joke that Clinton “usually watches ‘Star Trek Voyager’” in case someone asked whether the President would watch the interview.

Other material shows that Keith Olbermann, then at MSNBC, sent a personal apology to Clinton in 1998 for “whatever part I may have played in perpetuating this ceaseless coverage” of the Lewinsky scandal.

③A massive trove of documents from Bill Clinton’s presidency was released Friday, covering some of the most controversial moments in Clinton’s time in the White House.

The Monica Lewinsky scandal, Whitewater, the pardon of Marc Rich and Vince Foster’s suicide are topics covered in the documents. The 10,000 documents have been carefully chosen, scrubbed and redacted, and little was newly revealed. But here are some of the highlights NBC journalists found:
Monica Lewinsky

Former Clinton aide Sidney Blumenthal claimed in an email to journalist Jonathan Freedland on April 30, 1999, that Clinton told him Lewinsky had “complained that she was called ‘the stalker’ in the White House … and that if he didn't have sexual intercourse with her she'd tell people that they did anyway.”

A Sept 11, 1998, memo outlining talking points in anticipation of the report by special investor Kenneth Starr argued that the president had already admitted he made a “serious mistake” but the “private mistake does NOT amount to an impeachable action.” The memo also staunchly argued that Clinton “never tried to get Ms. Lewinsky a job after she left the White House in order to influence her testimony in the Paula Jones case.”

Bill Clinton's top personnel advisers Patsy Thomasson wrote to colleagues in April of 1996 that she hoped to place Monica Lewinsky at the Pentagon. "We are working closely with DOD to make this happen for Monica," Patsy Thomasson wrote "We have not finalized the deal but are working toward that end."
Marc Rich

In the final days of Clinton’s presidency and one month before he pardoned indicted financier Marc Rich, a handwritten note from Rich’s lawyer, Jack Quinn, to White House Counsel Bruce Lindsey indicated that Rich’s case was widely discussed and pertinent.

The note said then Israel Prime Minister Ehud Barak pressed Clinton about Rich. “I am told that Barak also raised the Marc Rich matter with the President, as has at least one other person who was told that you and I should discuss it,” Quinn wrote.
Vince Foster and Whitewater

David Dreyer, assistant White House communications director, drafted an opinion piece that he sent to fellow staffers addressing the controversies plaguing the Clinton presidency. Dreyer suggested the piece publish on the one-year anniversary of Foster's death.

He draws parallels to the McCarthy era, writing, "We have now reached the point in the Whitewater investigation in which people are using this tragic incident to conceal their true intentions of trying to reverse the results of the 1992 election ... One year later, what do we know now that we didn't know then?"

"We know that the right wing conspiracy theories were actually storm and fury signifying nothing — there was no murder. There was no conspiracy ...There was no moving of the body ... there was no white van ... Enough is enough. As we approach the one-year mark since Vince Foster's suicide — a year of politics of the most vicious sort in which zealots working for their own ends with total irregard for decency — his family, as well as the President and First Lady of the United States, deserve the right to grieve in private."

— NBC News

    谢谢阅读!

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